The most northerly point of land on earth is a contentious issue due to variation of definition. Issues of how permanent some of the contenders are is problematic as ice sheets and the shallow water depth make movement and inundation combined with observational difficulties due to remoteness, make any hard determination difficult. The following table sets out the main contenders for this title.
dist from pole
35 by 15m and 4m high
Ultima Thule 2008
83 ° 41 ‘N, 31 ° 6’ W
As yet unconfirmed
10m long and 1m high
“Stray Dog West”
15 by 8m, appears to be submerged periodically
New Island formed by melting ice sheet early 21st century
700m by 300m and 30m high
Cape Morris Jesup
northern most part of Greenland.
Aerial photo of Kaffeklubben,2008
Oodaaq in 2003
The new strait uncovered by a retreating ice shelf, taken from Warming Island (Uunartoq Qeqertaq) in 2006.
comparison of satellite pictures of Warming Island between 1985 and 2005.
Extreme points of Earth
^ The World’s Northernmost Point Is Called 83-42. Maybe. The Daily Traveller, February 16, 2012
^ Geography in Action Sierra Club 2007-06-05.
^ Jancik, John; Richardson, Javana; & Gardiner, Steve (2002). Under the Midnight Sun: The Ascent of John Denver Peak and the Search for the Northernmost Point of Land on Earth.
^ Stray Dog West photograph taken on 2007-07-16.
^ John H. Richardson, Journey to the End of the Earth Esquire Magazine 2007-09-18.
^ Funder, S. V. E. N. D.; Larsen, O. (Nov 15, 1982). “Implications of volcanic erratics in Quaternary deposits of North Greenland” (PDF). Bulletin of the Geological Society of Denmark 31: 57–61. ISSN 0011-6297